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CLASSIFICATION OF MINERAL WATERS

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25419218-2018-01-02
Issue: 
1
Year: 
2018

A.V. Pavlova; O.V. Krylova, PhD; Professor O.A. Vasnetsova, PhD I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); 4, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation

A study of the chemical composition of mineral waters has initiated scientific balneology that has become an independent branch of theoretical and applied medicine. The paper presents the existing classifications of groundwaters. According to their uses, the mineral waters are divided into table, therapeutic table, and therapeutic ones. According to the route of administration, the mineral waters are divided into oral (drinking) and topical (balneological) ones. The class of mineral water is determined by the predominant anion; there are 3 classes: bicarbonate, sulfate, and chloride waters. According to the most prevalent cation, the waters of each class are in turn subdivided in 3 groups: calcium, magnesium, and sodium ones. An attempt is made to systematize the available scientific data and to show the relationship of mineral drinking (therapeutic, therapeutic table, and table) and balneological waters to the route of administration, dosage, indications, and contraindications.

Keywords: 
natural mineral waters
classification of mineral waters

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