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MORPHOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL STUDIES OF TWO SNOWDROP (GALANTHUS) SPECIES

DOI: https://doi.org/None
Issue: 
5
Year: 
2017

D.O. Bokov (1, 2); Professor I.A. Samylina, PhD (1) 1-I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University; 2, B. Pirogovskaya St., Build. 4, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation; 2-Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology, and Food Safety; 2/14, Ustyinsky Pr., Moscow 109240, Russian Federation

Introduction. Woronow’s snowdrop (Galanthus woronowii Losinsk.) and common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis L.) are used in traditional medicine and homeopathy for the treatment of nervous system diseases. There are no systematic data on the standardization of Russian homeopathic raw materials of snowdrops. Objective: to investigate fresh raw materials of snowdrop species, by determining the morphological and anatomic diagnostic signs for the identification of raw materials. Material and methods. The objects of the investigation included fresh flowering Woronow’s and common snowdrops stored at the Botanical Garden of the I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. Macroscopic and microscopic examinations were made according to the requirements of the State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation, XIII edition. Results. The two snowdrop species were examined for their anatomical and diagnostic signs, such as the epidermis of a flower stalk leaf, corolla, outer palea, storage palea, and the structure of roots. The linear dimensions of the raw materials were established and the sizes of cells and cell inclusions determined. Conclusion. A set of anatomical and diagnostic signs, which permits the species identification of raw medicinal plant material, was revealed. Differences in linear dimensions were found at the macro and micro levels.

Keywords: 
Woronow’s snowdrop (Galanthus woronowii Losinsk.) and common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis L.)
macroscopy
microscopy
homeopathic medicinal plant raw material

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