Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the main psoralen derivatives in the juice of Sosnowsky's hogweed

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29296/25419218-2022-03-02

V.P. Ageev(1), V.I. Shlyapkina(1), O.A. Kulikov(1), A.V. Zaborovskiy(2), L.A. Tararina(2)
1-Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University»,
st. Bolshevik, 68, Saransk, 430005, Russian Federation;
2-Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education "A.I. Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry" of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, St. Delegatskaya, 20, p. 1, Moscow, 127473, Russian Federation

Introduction. Sosnovsky's hogweed is a dangerous weed and has a pronounced photosensitizing effect. The photosensitizing effect of hogweed is conditioned to the presence of furanocoumarins in all parts of the plant. Due to its large biomass, fast growth rate, and unpretentiousness to natural conditions, it is promising as a medicinal plant material suitable for the production of photosensitizers for PUVA therapy. Objective: to conduct a qualitative and quantitative determination of psoralen derivatives in the juice of Sosnowsky's hogweed. Material and methods. For the study, wild-growing samples of raw materials were used. Raw materials of Sosnowsky's hogweed were harvested during the flowering period of the plant. To study the content of furanocoumarins in hogweed Sosnowski, juice obtained from the aerial part of the plant was used. The juice was subjected to extraction with chloroform. Purification and separation of the extract were carried out using gradient column chromatography. The extract fractions were subjected to qualitative and quantitative analysis using thin layer chromatography, spectrophotometry, NMR spectroscopy and HPLC. Results. 6 main fractions were obtained during column chromatography of Sosnowsky's hogweed juice extract. The fraction of the extract richest in furanocoumarins was obtained. According to thin-layer chromatography, spectrophotometry and NMR-spectroscopy, the main furanocoumarins of Sosnowsky's hogweed juice are psoralen derivatives. According to HPLC data, the content of 8-methoxypsoralen in the juice of Sosnowsky's hogweed was 1.332 g/l, and 5-methoxypsoralen was 0.034 g/l. Conclusion. Raw materials of Sosnowsky's hogweed can be a source of furanocoumarins for the needs of pharmacy, and the methods of analysis presented in the study can form the basis of its standardization. The Sosnowsky's hogweed, having become a wild-growing source of medicinal raw materials, can be subjected to regular harvesting, which can reduce the area of its distribution.

Sosnowsky's hogweed
Heracleum sosnowskyi M.
psoralen derivatives,
thin layer chromatography
NMR spectroscopy

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