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Differences in the psychological characteristics of higher and secondary pharmacy education students


V.V. Bogdanov, K.G. Nozdrachev, A.S. Shoshin, E.Yu. Kuklin, V.S. Chavyr Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russian Federation

Introduction. For a long time, the boundary between higher and secondary pharmacy education specialists has been increasingly blurred. The requirements for the positions and functions of higher and secondary education pharmacists are largely similar. However, there are differences in the level of education, acquired competencies, social and cultural environment, motivation, worldview, etc., the study of which can be the basis for optimizing personnel policy in both the training of pharmacy personnel and for managing the latter in pharmaceutical organizations Objective: to study differences in the psychological characteristics of students going into higher and secondary professional pharmacy education. Material and methods. The data from four questionnaires, such as Motivation questionnaire, the Shmishek-Leonhard characterological questionnaire, the Cattell questionnaire, and dynamic properties questionnaire (proposed by Rusalov) were taken to study 42 students in specialty 33.05.01 Pharmacy (higher education pharmacists) and 107 students in specialty 33.02.01 Pharmacy (secondary education pharmacists). The results of statistical data processing of questionnaire scores were studied using the Mann–Whitney U test in the IBM SPSS Statistics program. Results. The similarities and statistically significant differences were identified by 11 criteria for the psychological characteristics of higher and secondary pharmacy education students. Conclusion. The higher pharmacy education students are more oriented to theory, a systematic logical description of the world, more self-restrained, rational, and psychologically rigid, and also with their high intellectual activity, they have an average physical activity level. The secondary pharmacy education students are more oriented to relationships between people, are more emotionally and psychologically mobile, they are oriented to the norms of behavior of the group of people around them, to the activities according to the plan, they are pedantic in work, are more eager for physical activity, and have a high speed in manual labor.

psychological profile
pharmaceutical personnel
pharmacy education
higher secondary pharmacists
secondary education pharmacists
Mann-Whitney U test

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